Question 2

Do you have a vehicle registered under your name in the US?

Because you have a vehicle registered in your name

Motor vehicle registration information includes your home address. ICE has a history of asking DMVs to help them match registered addresses to individuals to stalk people.

License plate numbers allow real-time location tracking via automated license plate readers (ALPRs). These high-speed cameras take photos of the license plates on a car and include a timestamp and location coordinates. ALPR cameras may be on police cars, traffic lights, road signs, bridges, or in parking lots. It is possible for them to photograph every passing license plate. Law enforcement agencies, data brokers, insurance companies, and parking lots collect this detailed location history. Many share or sell that data to ICE and DHSs

Both private companies, such as Vigilant Solutions, and local law enforcement collect and use ALPR data. And both share data with ICE. Then, DHS can access data through Automated Targeting System (ATS)Opens in new tab and IDENT/HARTOpens in new tab, among other DHS data systems and tools.

To see what databases would track you if your answer had been no, click the no button.

If you don't own a vehicle, do you live with someone who does or regularly drive someone else’s car? If so, you may still be associated with their vehicle in various databases — especially as Department of Homeland Security (DHS) uses more relationship-mapping and predictive tools of data criminalization.

To see what databases would track you if your answer had been yes, click the yes button.

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Of the 13 monsters in this quiz, it looks like your data may be tracked by the following:

But there may be other smaller surveillance databases not covered in the quiz.

You may be asking yourself "What can we do?".

What now?

To learn more, check out the full From Data Criminalization to Prison Abolition Report.

Learn how you can Take Action

More about this quiz

There is no single database that Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) can consult to find a list of everyone they are able to deport.

As a workaround, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) cross-checks many existing datasets. They use information from international visitors, visa holders, and arrest and conviction records. These datasets are not always reliable  at determining legal status. They are also deeply flawed, racist, and xenophobic.

More and more, DHS buys data from corporations to supplement their own databases. They can buy archives of location history, face and voice recognition files, and iris scans. Artificial intelligence tools use this data to predict behavior and infer relationships between people, places, and objects (like vehicles).

We spent months researching databases and data-sharing. But contractors and technologies change all the time, and many government data systems are shrouded in secrecy. We do not claim that the databases listed here make up a complete list, nor is it possible to make that list. Rather, we hope that this tool hints at the tangled and complex web of data extraction and criminalization.

The fight against migrant exploitation, racist border securitization, and deportation is a fight against data criminalization. It is a fight for collective self-determination and data liberation. Read more in our full report.